Femur

femur

What is the medical term for femur?

Anatomical terms of bone. The femur ( / ˈfiːmər /, pl. femurs or femora / ˈfɛmərə /), or thigh bone, is the proximal bone of the hindlimb in tetrapod vertebrate, the largest bone of the human body. The head of the femur articulates with the acetabulum in the pelvic bone forming the hip joint, while the distal part of the femur articulates with ...

Why is the femur bone important?

The femur is your thigh bone. It’s the longest, strongest bone in your body. It’s a critical part of your ability to stand and move. Your femur also supports lots of important muscles, tendons, ligaments and parts of your circulatory system. Because it’s so strong, it usually takes a severe trauma like a fall or car accident to break your femur.

What does the femur bone look like?

The femur is the only bone in your thigh. It runs from your hip to your knee. What does the femur look like? The femur has two rounded ends and a long shaft in the middle. It’s the classic shape used for bones in cartoons: A cylinder with two round bumps at each end. Even though it’s one long bone, your femur is made up of several parts.

Is the femur part of the hindlimb?

[edit on Wikidata] The femur (/ˈfiːmər/, pl. femurs or femora /ˈfɛmərə/) or thigh bone, is the proximal bone of the hindlimb in tetrapod vertebrates. The head of the femur articulates with the acetabulum in the pelvic bone forming the hip joint, while the distal part of the femur articulates with the tibia and kneecap forming the knee joint.

What is the meaning of the word femur?

/ˈfɛm ər ə/. Anatomy. a bone in the human leg extending from the pelvis to the knee, that is the longest, largest, and strongest in the body; thighbone. Zoology. a corresponding bone of the leg or hind limb of an animal. Entomology. the third segment of the leg of an insect (counting from the base), situated between the trochanter and the tibia.

Is the femur the largest bone in the body?

It is the largest bone in the body and is the only bone in the upper leg. The femur is known as a long bone. (There are four types of bone: long bones, short bones, flat bones, and irregular bones.) Long bones are longer than they are wide, with spongy bones at both ends and a cavity filled with bone marrow in the shaft.

What is the most common condition of the femur?

Fractures are the most common condition of the femur. It takes a lot of force to break a femur, although certain areas of the femur are more susceptible. The neck of the femur is the most vulnerable to fracture. Loss of bone density with age leads to an increased chance of fractures in the elderly.

What is the main shaft of the femur called?

The main shaft of the femur is known as the body of the femur. The distal end of the femur is where it connects with the patella (knee cap) and the bones of the lower leg, the tibia, and fibula. The distal end of the femur has a saddle that rests on the top of the tibia.

What is the femur bone?

The femur is the only bone in your thigh. It runs from your hip to your knee. What does the femur look like? The femur has two rounded ends and a long shaft in the middle.

What is the shape of the head of the femur?

On its proximal end, the femur forms a smooth, spherical process known as the head of the femur. The head of the femur forms the ball-and-socket hip joint with the cup-shaped acetabulum of the coxal (hip) bone. The rounded shape of the head allows the femur to move in almost any direction at the hip,...

Can osteoporosis cause a broken femur?

Femurs usually only break from serious traumas like car accidents. But if your bones are weakened by osteoporosis, you have an increased risk for fractures you might not even know about. The femur is the only bone in your thigh. What is the femur? The femur is your thigh bone. It’s the longest, strongest bone in your body.

What cavities are in the femur?

Inside the body of the femur is the medullary cavity, which contains bone marrow. At the ends of the femur are areas of compact bone, which is solid and does not contain marrow. Surrounding the compact bone is spongy bone, which has lots of small cavities dispersed throughout it. The neck and head of the femur contain spongy bone.

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