Moche

moche

What is the history of the Moche?

Moche, also called Mochica, Andean civilization that flourished from the 1st to the 8th century ce on the northern coast of what is now Peru. The name is taken from the great site of Moche, in the river valley of the same name, which appears to have been the capital or chief city of the Moche peoples.

What did the Moche do in Peru?

Dozens of other Moche pyramid-platform sites exist in the coastal valleys of northern Peru, most of them looted to some degree. The Moche channeled streams flowing down from the Andes into an extensive system of irrigation canals that were used to grow corn (maize), beans, and other crops.

What does Mochica stand for?

Moche (Mochica) stirrup-spouted water bottle, c. 250–500 ce; in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, New York City.

What are the characteristics of Moche architecture?

Moche architecture featured flat-topped pyramids and platforms connected by ramps and dotted with courtyards and plazas. Moche (Mochica) stirrup-spouted water bottle, c. 250–500 ce; in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, New York City.

What is the Moche culture known for?

Until the 1980s the culture’s best-known remains were those of Moche itself, near Trujillo in the Moche River valley. Two giant structures, known as the Temple of the Sun (Huaca del Sol) and the Temple of the Moon (Huaca de la Luna), dominate the site, though there is no evidence that they were ever so dedicated.

When did the Moche civilization start and end?

Written By: Moche, also called Mochica, Andean civilization that flourished from the 1st to the 8th century ce on the northern coast of what is now Peru. The name is taken from the great site of Moche, in the river valley of the same name, which appears to have been the capital or chief city of the Moche peoples.

Where did the name Moche come from?

The name is taken from the great site of Moche, in the river valley of the same name, which appears to have been the capital or chief city of the Moche peoples. Their settlements extended along the hot, arid coast of northern Peru from the Lambayeque River valley south for more than 215 miles (350 km) to the Nepeña River valley.

When did the Moche rule Peru?

Between 1 CE and 800 CE, the Moche Civilization controlled much of what we know today as the country of Peru. The Moche territories were one of the largest in South America among other tribes like the Nazca Civilization, who predated the Moche but fell under their domain late in their history.

What is the origin of Mochica?

Mochica (also Yunga, Yunca, Chimú, Muchic, Mochika, Muchik, Chimu) is an extinct language formerly spoken along the northwest coast of Peru and in an inland village. First documented in 1607, the language was widely spoken in the area during the 17th century and the early 18th century.

When did the Spanish replace the Mochica language?

Approximate extent of Mochica before replacement by Spanish. Mochica (also Yunga, Yunca, Chimú, Muchic, Mochika, Muchik, Chimu) is a Chimuan language formerly spoken along the northwest coast of Peru and in an inland village. First documented in 1607, the language was widely spoken in the area during the 17th century and the early 18th century.

When was Mochica spoken in Peru?

Approximate extent of Mochica before replacement by Spanish. Mochica (also Yunga, Yunca, Chimú, Muchic, Mochika, Muchik, Chimu) is an extinct language formerly spoken along the northwest coast of Peru and in an inland village. First documented in 1607, the language was widely spoken in the area during the 17th century and the early 18th century.

What language did the Moche speak?

It is best known as the supposed language of the Moche culture, as well as the Chimú culture / Chimor . Mochica is usually considered to be a language isolate, but has also been hypothesized as belonging to a wider Chimuan language family. Stark (1972) proposes a connection with Uru–Chipaya as part of a Maya–Yunga–Chipayan macrofamily hypothesis.

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