What does PEM mean in nutrition?

Protein–energy malnutrition (PEM), sometimes called protein-energy undernutrition (PEU), is a form of malnutrition that is defined as a range of conditions arising from coincident lack of dietary protein and/or energy (calories) in varying proportions. The condition has mild, moderate, and severe degrees.

What happened to the PEM format?

The PEM format has been replaced by newer and more secure technologies but the PEM container is still used today to hold certificate authority files, public and private keys, root certificates, etc.

What is the difference between PEM and Der?

.pem, .cer and .der are all file extensions for files that usually contain a X.509 v3 certificate. DER is the method of encoding the data that makes up the certificate. DER itself could represent any kind of data, but usually it describes an encoded certificate or a CMS container.

What is a pem file and how do I use it?

This can be used to represent all kinds of data, but it’s commonly used to encode keyfiles, such as RSA keys used for SSH, and certificates used for SSL encryption. The PEM file will tell you what it’s used for in the header; for example, you might see a PEM file start with…

What is protein energy malnutrition (PEM)?

The term protein energy malnutrition covers a wide spectrum of clinical stages ranging from the severe forms like kwashiorkar and marasmus to the milder forces in which the main detectable manifestation is growth retardation. PROTEIN ENERGY MALNUTRITION (PEM)

What is PEM and what are the causes of PEM?

What is PEM and what are the causes of Protein Energy Malnutrition? Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is one of the most important public health problems in many developing countries including India, South East Asia and Africa. It is a wide-spread deficiency disease among children of low socio-economic groups.

What is the abbreviation for protein-calorie malnutrition?

Protein–calorie malnutrition, PEM, PCM. Specialty. Endocrinology. Protein–energy malnutrition ( PEM ), sometimes called protein-energy undernutrition ( PEU ), is a form of malnutrition that is defined as a range of conditions arising from coincident lack of dietary protein and/or energy ( calories) in varying proportions.

What is marasmus (PEM without edema)?

Marasmus, or PEM without edema, is defined as inadequate intake of all nutrients, but especially energy. Its extreme form is characterized by muscle wasting and depletion of body fat stores. Other findings may include: hypothermia, bradycardia, hypotension, decreased metabolic rate, loss of skin turgor,...

What is the difference between a der and PEM certificate?

In the case that it encodes a certificate it would simply contain the base 64 encoding of the DER certificate. PEM stands for Privacy Enhanced Mail; mail cannot contain unencoded binary values such as DER directly.

What is the difference between a pem file and Der file?

.der- A way to encode ASN.1 syntax in binary, a .pem file is just a Base64 encoded .der file. OpenSSL can convert these to .pem (openssl x509 -inform der -in to-convert.der -out converted.pem). Windows sees these as Certificate files.

What is the difference between PEM and Cer?

I know .pem are base 64 encoded and .cer is the certificate with can be .pem encoded. Question: I have been using .cer in our application.

How to convert Derder to PEM?

DER is a binary encoding that can be converted to PEM encoding by using base64 encode function and wrapping and using headers. It represents an ASN.1 structure defined by RFC 5280 which

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